Wonderful 1847 Map Exhibits the Many Languages of France

Click on to enlarge, via David Rumsey Map Selection

Until eventually the 20th century, there was a fantastic offer of linguistic diversity in France. In the north were the langues d’oïl, and in the south the langues d’oc, so-named for the variance in the phrase for certainly concerning the two teams in medieval moments. (Modern day standard French’s oui comes from oïl.) Inside those people two groups there ended up a number of dialects, often with so small in widespread they could not be mutually recognized.

The essential lists the 22 main dialects of French.

Closeup, “Sprachkarte von Frankreich,”David Rumsey Map Collection

There were being also languages that were from diverse language families fully: There were being Celtic languages (Breton), Germanic languages (Alsatian), languages with no known relations (Basque), and a language closer to Italian (Corsican). They also experienced subdialects, as proven in this critical.

Closeup, “Sprachkarte von Frankreich,”David Rumsey Map Selection

Some of these are however spoken in France currently, but by very handful of people. Just after compulsory education and learning began in the late 19th century, the Parisian dialect of the langue d’oïl became widespread. It currently experienced distinctive position, but since most men and women experienced no require to converse in lawful or official contexts, they didn’t trouble to study it. A 1790 research found that only 10 per cent of the populace of France spoke common French. This map was manufactured in 1847, before French experienced really turn into the language of the full of France. The oïl languages are outlined in pink, the oc languages in blue. The rust brown in the northeast is Celtic, the inexperienced, Germanic, and the yellow, Basque.

Explore the zoomable map at The David Rumsey Map Assortment.

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